60 Doctor's Tips from Pregnancy to Delivery, All Super Practical!

60 Doctor's Tips from Pregnancy to Delivery, All Super Practical!
Diet During Pregnancy
  1. It is recommended to use a pregnancy pillow to support the back during pregnancy, which can effectively relieve pressure on the back and leg muscles, and improve sleep quality.

  2. In early pregnancy with morning sickness and poor appetite, eat small frequent meals instead of worrying about nutritional balance.

  3. Avoid raw foods like raw meat. Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly to prevent parasitic infections.

  4. Coffee is allowed during pregnancy but limit caffeine intake to less than 200mg daily. One cup of coffee per day is generally safe.

  5. Avoid shark, swordfish, king mackerel, tilefish, tuna, golden snapper and marlin during pregnancy as mercury levels can exceed safety limits.

  6. Use iodized salt in cooking during pregnancy, no more than 6g daily. Avoid too much salt.

  7. Supplements During Pregnancy

  8. Start taking folic acid 3 months before conception until the 3rd month of pregnancy to prevent neural tube defects in the fetus. Take it throughout pregnancy if possible.

  9. From mid-pregnancy, supplement with 1000mg calcium daily. In late pregnancy, supplement with 1200mg calcium daily. Take 300-600mg calcium tablets from mid-pregnancy.



Skin Care During Pregnancy

  1. To prevent stretch marks, no products are proven very effective yet. Controlling weight gain helps lower the risk.

  2. Use safe cosmetic products during pregnancy, apply light makeup, and remove all makeup before bed.



Exercise During Pregnancy

  1. Pregnancy exercises do not induce early labor but provide many benefits like controlling weight, blood sugar, relieving constipation, backache and improving sleep.

  2. Exercise moderately during pregnancy. Options include walking, yoga, Pilates, swimming. Exercise until slightly sweating and breathing faster but still able to maintain a conversation.



Preparing for Delivery

  1. Near full term after 37 weeks, keep health insurance card, prenatal record book, ID, and medical records together in case of sudden labor so family can find them easily.

  2. Eat and drink adequately before labor. Bring snacks like chocolate into the delivery room.

Labor and Delivery Process

  1. For first delivery, average time from regular contractions to full dilation is around 12 hours, sometimes longer, in first-time mothers.

  2. Cooperate fully during vaginal exams in the delivery room. Relaxation helps minimize discomfort. These exams are done for all mothers.

  3. Do not scream during labor. Conserve energy and use breathing techniques like Lamaze to manage pain.

Postpartum Care

  1. Initiate breastfeeding within 1 hour after delivery.

  2. Mobilize and urinate within 6-8 hours after vaginal delivery to prevent venous thromboembolism.

  3. Ice the perineum after episiotomy. Clean suture sites twice daily with warm water. Sleep sideways with the uninjured side down to reduce pain.

Postpartum Recovery

  1. Average hospital stay is 3 days after vaginal delivery and 5-7 days after cesarean delivery.

  2. Although painful, vaginal delivery has faster recovery. Cesarean section has slower recovery despite no labor pains. Aim for vaginal delivery if possible.

  3. Wait until 6 weeks postpartum after the wound has healed and lochia ceased before considering intercourse to prevent infection and optimize maternal recovery.

  4. After the first child, do not rush to conceive again. A 2-5 year interval before the second pregnancy is recommended.

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